Besides the For and Against and Opinion essays, you might also be required to write an Essay suggesting solutions to problems. One of the tests for which you will have to master such piece of writing is IELTS, part 2. The purpose of an essay suggesting solutions to problems is to explain a problem, then, put forward one or more solutions to it, along with the expected results of the application of the various solutions.
The structure of a problem/solution essay resembles the others as it should consist of an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. In the introduction(also called the ‘problem’ paragraph’) you are supposed to describe and discuss a problem, its causes and effects. The topic sentence of the introduction should name the problem issue, while the supporting sentences should prove why the issue is problematic. The main body should present suggested solutions and their outcomes in different paragraphs. For instance, if you can come up with 3 suggestions and their probable results, you will develop each solution into a separte paragrap. These paragraphs are also called ‘solution’ paragraphs. Finally, the conclusion should be a summary of the entire content and a restatement of the introduction, just like with the other types of essays.
Here is some useful language to:
– To express cause: since, because, owing to, due to the fact that, the reason why/for …is that…etc.
– To introduce solutions: in order to solve these problems, to meet this end, one answer is, in order to overcome this problem, one things we can do is, ..etc.
– To express purpose: so that, with the purpose of/ intention of, in order(not to), so as, etc.
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